How to Design
Education: Drawing studios
Education: Drawing studios
Departments in further and higher education are now usually grouped in larger units (e.g. faculties) so that resources can be shared with related disciplines. The layout of any studio is conditioned by type of work being undertaken and type of supervision required. A selection from the following specialist facilities is a likely requirement:
Drawing and painting: fine art.
Media studies: video and film.
Industrial design: engineering.
Furniture and interior design.
Theatre and television design.
Silver and jewellery: metalworking
Textile design, both print and weave w stained glass. (See also sections on Schools, Cinemas, Theatres, and Laboratories. Music and drama facilities are not considered here.)
Schedule of accommodation Will generally include:
Design studio and display areas.
Space requirements are related to the type of drawing and allied work, if any, to be undertaken (see 1).
Workstation Sizes are largely determined by the equipment needed to accommodate the drawing format, based on the 'A' series of international paper sizes (smaller formats being obtained by halving larger dimensions in sequence see the Drawing Practice and Presentation section). For most industrial, engineering and design consultants, drawing requirements can be accommodated by A1 format; the larger A0 size is rarely required. Note that computer-aided design and drafting is regarded as complementary to traditional drawing skills, which should be taught first.
The simplest form of workstation is: drawing board, equipment trolley (cart) and draughtsman's chair; where drafting work requires reference to details contained on other drawings, either reference tables or vertical screens may be required. Screens have the advantage of keeping the necessary floor area to the minimum, but make group teaching more difficult.
Reference tables, which may also provide plan chest drawing storage below the work surface, should either be to the side of the draughtsman in parallel with the drawing board or at right angles to it (see 9). A further possibility is available with 'back reference', where the reference table also provides support for the drawing board behind. Where the drafting function has to be combined with administration work, the reference area may double as an office desk or the desk may form separate unit.
Referencing may not be confined to information contained on drawings; it is often necessary to have a comprehensive set of reference books or manuals close at hand for draughtsmen.
Setting-out studios A further category of drawing studio is that allied to workshops, where full-size setting-out drawings (or workshop 'rods') are prepared. These are usually found in the construction industry, and joinery shops in particular. Such drawings are prepared on rolls of paper set down at long benches.
Draughtsmen work standing up at the drafting surface, which is horizontal and 900 mm high. Rather than the sheets used in other studios, these original drawings are stored in roll form, for which housing may be either horizontal (plan chests with drawers) or vertical (plan file cabinets).
|1- Various planning arrangements|