How to Design
Departments in further and higher education are now usually grouped in larger units (e.g. faculties) so that resources can be shared with related disciplines. The layout of any studio is conditioned by type of work being undertaken and type of supervision required. A selection from the following specialist facilities is a likely requirement:
Drawing and painting: fine art.
Media studies: video and film.
Industrial design: engineering.
Furniture and interior design.
Theatre and television design.
Silver and jewellery: metalworking
Textile design, both print and weave w stained glass. (See also sections on Schools, Cinemas, Theatres, and Laboratories. Music and drama facilities are not considered here.)
Schedule of accommodation Will generally include:
Design studio and display areas.
This will depend on type of work being done. Light work associated with graphics, silver and jewellery, photography and fashion may be placed on a higher floor; metal, wood and plastics workshops, where large machines may be installed, are best sited on ground or basement levels.
Good workshop layout must conform to work flow and safety (see 1). Provide ample space round machines and for gangways to allow necessary movement without incursion on workspace. Non-slip floor finishes should be specified. A workshop technician should be able to survey the whole area from a partially glazed office.
If each student is provided with sets of tools, space for individual lockers is needed in the workshop area.
For details of equipment, see ‘Workshop Equipment Spaces’ in the Industrial Buildings section.
|1- Layout for combined wood and metal shop|
Health and safety
This is particularly important where machinery is in use - e.g. wood and metalworking (see 2,3) - or in darkrooms etc. where chemicals are used. Protective clothing, goggles etc. must be available in sufficient numbers and safety procedures must be clearly displayed.
|2- Clearances for layouts of metal shops|
|3- Working spoces round woodwork mochinery|
This will include offices for teaching staff, common room (consider for both staff and students), toilets and possibly showers.
Ancillary areas may include printing and reprographic equipment, either housed in a studio or, if sophisticated or large scale, sited in a separate area. Computer-aided design and drafting equipment is usually located in separate computer areas, use being shared with other disciplines.
|4- Various forms of storage racking|
|5- Arts centre layout for college|
Methods of storing a wide range of goods and materials are needed. Areas are required for storing completed works before exhibition or disposal. Some items may be very fragile and/or valuable, and additional security may be required.
All storage should be sited next to the appropriate workshop and satisfy requirements for specific heat and humidity conditions where required for specialised materials being stored (e.g. clay, plaster). External access must be convenient for goods vehicles.
Special racking is needed for paintings and large canvasses, timber and timber-based board materials, plastics sheets, metal sections, rolls of textiles, glass and paper (see 4).
Correct archive storage for original drawings, models or other artefacts, which may have to be kept for indefinite periods, must be properly conditioned, and the structure must be fire and flood proof.
|6- Sequence of operation: clay modelling and pottery|